Deriving Sleep Parameters from Sleep/Wake Patterns

Deriving Sleep Parameters from Sleep/Wake Patterns

Following our previous post on deriving sleep/wake patterns from the acceleration data of Actiwatch, this document gives an example of deriving sleep parameters according to the Actiwatch instruction manual.

Nov 3, 2022
By Drs. Andrew Ahn, Han-Ping Huang and Francis Hsu
Deriving Sleep Parameters

Abstract

Following the previous post on deriving sleep/wake patterns from the acceleration data of Actiwatch, this document gives an example of deriving sleep parameters according to the instruction manual of Actiwatch [1].

1. Deriving Sleep Parameters from Sleep/Wake Patterns

Figure 1 shows the sleep/wake patterns derived from Actiwatch 2, as introduced in the previous post. Some important sleep events are labeled, such as bedtime, get-up time, sleep onset, sleep offset, and wake episodes. Actiwatch 2 has an event marker button for users to record when they went to bed (Bed Time) and got out of bed (Get Up Time). Sleep onset is the time point of the start of the first 10 consecutive minutes of sleep after going to bed, while sleep offset is the time point of the last minute of the last 10 consecutive minutes of sleep before getting out of bed [1-2]. Table 1 then illustrates the resulting 7 sleep parameters, which are usually adopted in a sleep report.

 Sleep schedule and labels of important events
Figure 1. Sleep schedule and labels of important events

table of seven commonly used sleep parameters
Table 1. Seven commonly used sleep parameters

2. References

[1] Respironics, “Instruction manual of Actiwatch Communication and Sleep Analysis Software. Instruction manual. “Available at https://johnawinegarden.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/actiwatchsoftware.pdf, 2018.

[2] D. Fekedulegn, M. E. Andrew, M. Shi, J. M. Violanti, S. Knox, and K. E. Innes, "Actigraphy-based assessment of sleep parameters," Annals of Work Exposures and Health, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 350-367, 2020.

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Dr. Andrew Ahn
Dr. Andrew Ahn
Chief Medical/Science Officer

Dr. Ahn is an internal medicine physician with a background in physics/engineering and physiological signal analyses. He is the Chief Medical Officer at Labfront and an Assistant Professor in Medicine & Radiology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Ahn is passionate about democratizing health sciences and exploring health from an anti-disciplinary perspective.

Dr. Han-Ping Huang, PhD
Dr. Han-Ping Huang, PhD
Research Lead

Research Lead (and Designated Plant Caretaker) at Labfront. Han-Ping is a researcher who seeks interesting phenomena, especially the interdisciplinary ones. His dream is to make all the riveting research be easily explored.

Dr. Francis Hsu, PhD
Dr. Francis Hsu, PhD
Research Lead

Francis is a research Lead at Labfront, responsible for data validation and analysis. He is interested in applying physics or math to medical research.

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